it is a great pity for non-Thai speakers that Thai roadside restaurants and quick walk in walk out food markets have a myriad of fascinating concoctions that they can cook up for you, basically exactly according to your taste many of which are not included/translated into the much smaller english menus that some places have.
There are a quantity of basic recipes which you can then embellish whilst ordering by indicating extra ingredients or how much of what to put in there.
For example we could order "Pad kapraow" (fried chili and basil leaf)
then we could say with chicken or fish or beef, crispy pork, porkmince, liver etc, adding that we would like a shot of black dark soya sauce in it and a lot of sugar.We can order it spicy or mild, sweet or salty.
It's a matter of what you can invent with what they have in stock, and they make it for you.
Some of the main fryups recipe names are;
Pad Kapraow, Pad Prik Gaeng, Pad Prik Pao, Pad Phed, Pad See Iw, Pad Kanaa, Khaw Pad.
Soupy like ones are;
Tom Yam (lemongrass soup), Gaeng Som (yellow curry-soup), Gaeng Phed (red curry), Gaeng Khiaw Hwaan (green curry), Tom Kha (Galangal and coconut cream soup/curry).